COVID-19 Hand Hygiene, Personal Protective Equipment and Mental Health

 

Hand Hygiene

Finger Nails

  • Nails should be short and polish-free
  • Artificial nails of any sort should not be worn
  • If nail polish is worn, it must be freshly applied (within 4 days) and in good condition (no chips!)
  • Wearing rings and other hand/wrist jewelry should also be kept to a minimum

 Videos:

Public Health Ontario, Ask Yourself: Is the glam worth the grime?

Hand Washing Review

Hand Rub Review

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

To be used according to your agency policies

Contact: Gown and gloves while providing direct care

Droplet: Mask and goggles when standing within 2 meters of a client

Gloves

  • Not a substitute for hand hygiene
  • Use whenever hands may be in contact with blood, body fluids or contaminated surfaces
  • Put on gloves just before doing a task and remove them immediately after
  • MUST perform hand hygiene before and after using gloves
  • Single-use only
  • Used to protect the client and yourself

Video

Public Health Ontario, Taking off Gloves

Putting on (donning) PPE

Steps:

  1. Perform hand hygiene.
  2. Put on gown and secure ties.
  3. Put on mask. Wear coloured side out. Make sure the mask covers your nose and nose piece fits firmly. Pull the mask down below your chin to fit it firmly around your face
  4. Put on eye protection.
  5. Put on gloves, placing them over the wrist of the gown.

Video:

Public Health Ontario, Putting on full PPE

Taking off (doffing) PPE

To prevent contamination, never touch the front of the PPE equipment

Steps:

  1. Remove gloves using glove to glove and skin to skin method.
  2. Remove the gown turning it inside out and rolling it up to discard.
  3. Perform hand hygiene.
  4. Remove eye protection by taking it from the back of your head.
  5. Remove mask by using ear loops or ties.
  6. Perform hand hygiene.

Video:

Public Health Ontario, Taking off full PPE

Public Health Ontario Lanyard card to print

As a reminder, you can print the following and keep with you. The Public Health Ontario link to below:

https://www.publichealthontario.ca/-/media/documents/lanyard-removing-putting-on-ppe.pdf?la=en

Taking Care of Your Mental Health

During this time of rapid change and unprecedented circumstances, stress and anxiety are high. It is important for everyone to take care of their mental health as things progress. Below are some points to consider to help you cope with the constantly changing situation:

Practice self-care

  • Get sleep
    • keep to your regular schedule as much as possible
  • Eat well
    • If fresh fruit and vegetables are not available, use frozen or canned foods
    • Eat foods low in sugar, fat and salt
  • Do things you enjoy
    • Spend time doing activities you enjoy indoors
    • Explore new activities
  • Exercise and stay active
    • Walk around your house (up and down stairs, in hallways etc.)
    • Try new exercises but stay within your limits (e.g. yoga for beginners; Tai Chi for beginners etc.)

Connect with family and friends

  • call them and have a conversation
  • connect on social media
  • video call

Focus on what you can do to protect yourself and your family

  • Perform hand washing for a minimum of 20 seconds
  • Sing:
    • Happy Birthday (twice)
    • ABC’s
    • He’s a Jolly Good Fellow (2 verses)
  • Stay home
    • Do not travel unless absolutely necessary
  • Get outside, if you are not in self-isolation
    • Practice social distancing (e.g. stay 2 metres or 6 feet apart)
    • Sit on your balcony, porch or in the back yard
  • Disinfect surfaces regularly, including:
    • Door handles
    • Light switches
    • Banisters handrails
    • Refrigerator handles
    • Microwave touch pads
    • Remote controls etc.
  • Disinfect cell phones, tablets, keyboards and mouse
  • Keep your hands away from your face

  • If you or a family member develops symptoms
    • Keep the person with the illness away from everyone else and disinfect surfaces in the area as much as possible
    • Have the person use a separate bathroom is possible
    • Do not share food, drinks or utensils
    • Practice good hand washing
    • Practice cough and sneeze etiquette (e.g. cough or sneeze into a disposable tissue or elbow)
  • Limit how much time you spend checking the news
    • Briefly check the news once or twice a day to stay informed but turn it off in between those times
    • Read positive webpages online
  • Check in with yourself – do you need help coping?
  • Check in with family, friends and neighbours
    • Check in with family, friends and neighbours It makes us feel better when we are able to help others, Chat and provide them with resources as needed
    • It makes us feel better when we are able to help others

It is important to take care of yourself, your family, friends and neighbours during these trying times.

Resources

Centres for Disease Control, Manage Anxiety & Stress

Links to information for parents, children, communities and first responders

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/managing-stress-anxiety.html

Canadian Mental Health Association, 5 mental health tips amid COVID-19 concerns

http://ontario.cmha.ca/news/cmha-offers-tips-to-support-mental-health-amid-concerns-of-covid-19-pandemic/